Fees must fall South Africa -Latest - Millkun

Fees must fall South Africa -Latest

Fees must fall
Fees must fall

Fees must fall; The Fees Must Fall movement is a powerful testament to the unwavering determination of South African students to secure affordable and accessible higher education. Since its inception in 2015, this grassroots movement has garnered global attention and ignited a nationwide conversation about the cost of education.

In this article, we delve into the origins, key events, and impact of the Fees Must Fall movement, with a particular focus on the estimated property damage costs incurred during the protests.

Fees must fall
Fees must fall

The Origins of the Fees Must Fall Movement

The genesis of the Fees Must Fall movement can be traced back to South Africa’s history of apartheid and the persistent socioeconomic disparities it left in its wake. Higher education, once reserved for a privileged few during apartheid, was opened to all South Africans after the fall of apartheid in 1994.

However, access to education remained unequal, with exorbitant fees acting as a formidable barrier for many.

In 2015, the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) announced a proposed fee increase of 10.5%, sparking outrage among students who saw this as another instance of economic exclusion. The movement began with a simple demand: a freeze on tuition fee hikes.

However, it quickly evolved into a broader call for free, decolonized, and accessible education. The rallying cry became “Fees Must Fall.”

Key Events and Milestones

The Fees Must Fall movement is characterized by a series of protests, negotiations, and moments of both unity and conflict. Here are some key events and milestones:

  1. October 2015 Protests: The movement gained momentum as students from various universities embarked on nationwide protests, demanding fee freezes. Campuses were disrupted, and clashes with security forces were reported.
  2. Historic Fee Freeze: In response to mounting pressure, then-President Jacob Zuma announced a freeze on tuition fee increases for the 2016 academic year. This marked a significant victory for the movement.
  3. University Shutdowns: In 2016, protests escalated, resulting in the temporary shutdown of several universities. Students demanded free education and the elimination of historical student debt.
  4. Continued Negotiations: Various negotiations and talks between student representatives, university management, and government officials took place. These discussions aimed to find a sustainable solution to the education crisis.
  5. Property Damage: Unfortunately, the protests were not without incidents of violence and property damage. The Department of Education estimated that the total cost in property damage due to the protests since 2015 had amounted to R600 million (equivalent to US$44.25 million). While property damage is regrettable, it is crucial to understand the context in which these events unfolded.

The Impact and Legacy

The Fees Must Fall movement had far-reaching implications for South African higher education and society as a whole:

  1. Policy Reforms: The movement played a pivotal role in shaping education policy in South Africa. It led to the establishment of the Heher Commission, which explored the feasibility of free higher education. While the commission recommended against universal free education, it did advocate for free education for poor and working-class students.
  2. Inspiration: The movement inspired similar student protests worldwide, highlighting the global struggle for accessible education. It underscored the power of collective action and grassroots movements in addressing social inequalities.
  3. Ongoing Advocacy: While the movement achieved notable successes, the call for free, quality education remains a central issue in South Africa. Students and activists continue to advocate for education reforms and the eradication of historical student debt.
  4. Social Awareness: Fees Must Fall brought issues of economic inequality and the legacy of apartheid to the forefront of public consciousness. It initiated critical conversations about the structural challenges facing South African society.


In conclusion, the Fees Must Fall movement stands as a testament to the resilience and determination of South African students in their pursuit of affordable and accessible higher education. While it faced challenges and controversies, it succeeded in reshaping education policy and raising awareness of the deep-seated inequalities that persist in post-apartheid South Africa.

The movement’s legacy endures as an inspiration to those advocating for social justice and equitable education worldwide.

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